Introduction

Gujarat State was constituted as the Union of India on May1, 1960 after the bifurcation of the State of Bombay. The total geographical area of the state is 196024 sq. kms out of which 18961.56 sq. kms (9.67%) is the declared forest area with 7.72% of area as forest cover. The unique features of the state are the climatic and geomorphologic conditions v.i.z the largest coastline in the country, the saline deserts of Rann , grasslands, wetlands. These factors have bestowed the state with the diversity of flora and fauna. The majestic Asiatic lion and wild ass have their last resorts of the world in Gujarat. The faunal biodiversity consists of 14% fishes, 18 % reptiles, 37% avifauna and 25% of the mammal population of the country.

Gujarat Forest department is entrusted with the prime responsibility of protection, conservation and development of the forests and wildlife of the state.

The State Profile

The state of Gujarat is situated between the latitude of 2001’N to 2407’N and longitude of 6804’E to 7404’N E. The geographical area of the state is 196024 sq. km. The climate of the state is tropical, however, the same is considerably moderated due to the long coast line. The temperature ranges between 1 °C to 46 °C. The rainfall received in the state varies from region to region, and on the basis of rainfall received, the state has been divided into 8 Agro-climatic zones, as shown below :

Agro Climatic Zones of Gujarat

ZoneName of ZoneReported area in “00” ha.% to total area
A.Heavy rainfall zone of South
(Average annual rainfall 1500mm)
A-I : Sub-Zone hilly areas
A-II : Sub-Zone plain areas
6,300.7
2,748.9
3.43
1.50
Sub Total :6,049.64.93
B.Moderate to heavy rainfall zone of South Gujarat
(Average annual rainfall 1000-1500 mm)
10,290.85.61
C.Moderate rainfall zone of Central Gujarat (Average annual rainfall 800-1000 mm)22,312.112.15
D.Dry zone of North Gujarat
(Average annual rainfall 625-875 mm)
22,986.912.53
E.Arid Zone of North-west Gujarat
(Average annual rainfall 250-500mm)
57,462.831.32
F.Arid cum dry zone of North Saurashtra
(Average annual rainfall 400-700 mm)
34,966.919.06
G.South Saurashtra zone
(Average annual rainfall 750-1000 mm)
16,747.49.14
H.Bhal and coastal areas zone
(Average annual rainfall 625-1000 mm)
9,679.05.27
TOTAL1,83,495.5100.00